【探秘嘉洋】我们如何培养学生的辩证性思维Critical Thinking?

Here are Joy International Primary School we believe in the 5C. But what are the 5C? How do we use the 5C in the classroom? What skills do the students build through the 5C? Who can use the 5c? Let’s take a look and dive into more information about the how, why, what, and who in this three-part article about the 5C. Part One will be looked at in April, where we will take a look at Critical Thinking. The second part will be available in May where Creativity and Collaboration will be discussed. The third and final part of the three-part series will be released in June where there final two 5C will be discussed: Communication and Confidence.


Let’s first take a look at the 5C basics. 
What are they exactly and what do they mean?
We look at everything from multiple angles and perspectives.
We approach problems systematically.
We avoid oversimplified answers to complex problems.
We approach problems with curious and fresh eyes. 
We have the openness and courage to explore.
We don’t always take the old path to get to our goal. 
We respect and appreciate people who are different from us. 
We take responsibility for one another in our attitudes and actions.
We follow rules which allow us to live in harmony with one another.
We value honest, clear, and direct interaction.
We listen actively so that we can deeply understand others.
We use and pay attention to both verbal and non-verbal skills.
We are secure in our beliefs and values, and act accordingly.
We are not diminished by the fear of failure. 
We do not shy away from pain or difficulty.

This week, we are going to take a closer look at Critical Thinking.


Students are taught from Grade One to Critical Think, even in the smallest of ways. In the Character Class students learned about Truthfulness vs. Deception as well as Initiative vs. Idleness and how it relates to Critical Thinking. Students learned that there are lots of human character values that every person should have. Truthfulness is one of them. We all need to be truthful. It is a very basic quality of our character. We should never lie and always have to become honest. But what does it have to do with Critical Thinking? Good critical thinkers can draw reasonable conclusions from a set of information, and discriminate between useful and less useful details to solve problems or make decisions. When one is truthful, it’s easy to understand the details that are useful to solve problems. However, when deception is used it makes solving problems that much harder!


Here’s an exercise in Critical Thinking taken from the website >>>www.thoughtco.com<<<. It’s a silly exercise that gets you Critical Thinking in a fun and silly way. 


Critical Thinking Exercise 1: 
Tour Guide for an Alien

This exercise provides an opportunity to think outside your normal way of thinking.Pretend that you have been assigned the task of conducting a tour for aliens who are visiting the earth and observing human life. You’re riding along in a blimp, viewing the landscape below, and you float over a professional baseball stadium. One of the aliens looks down and is very confused by what he sees. You explain that there is a game going on and he asks several important questions.



If you try to answer these questions fully, it will quickly become apparent that we carry around certain assumptions and values. We support a certain team, for instance, because it makes us feel like we’re a part of a community. This sense of community is a value that matters to some people more than others.Furthermore, when trying to explain team sports to an alien, you have to explain the value we place on winning and losing. 


When you think like an alien tour guide, you are forced to take a deeper look at the things we do and things we value. Sometimes they don’t sound logical from the outside looking in.


Students practice Critical Thinking daily, whether they know it or not! Many daily activities require Critical Thinking; it requires the students to come to their own decisions, their own solutions, and their own goals without the teacher or adult telling them. 


In Grade One students worked on critical thinking while also collaborating in a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) Activity. Students were to use 100 items to create something new and inventive. 



In an English Elective Class, students worked together to think critically about matching magnetic letters to a hand written alphabet.


In a March Math Olympic Activity, students used their critical thinking to sell their own items and products to their fellow classmates during a Market Fair.


There are many ways our students use Critical Thinking in and out of the classroom. It is an important skill for our students to master as they work on becoming leaders in an ever growing and changing world.