Warm and Fuzzy: A Positive Behavior Management Strategy正面行为管理策略
Students misbehave. It’s a reality and how a teacher responds is known as a Behavior Management System.
Let’s start by taking a look into the past about 10-15 years ago and think: when a student misbehaved, what was the consequence? Was the consequence a slap on the back of the head? Was the consequence a ruler to the back palm of the hand? Was the consequence a public humiliation? These techniques have been quite common in the past. And although they were common, does it make them correct?
As the education field has evolved, there have been more theories and more ideas as to how to respond to students when they misbehave. One such thought is that of Positive Reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is an idea where a behavior that is wanted will be reinforced by an incentive, either in a big or small way. This sounds simple, but the catch is that negative behaviors or unwanted behaviors will not be punished, they’ll be ignored. The thought behind this is that when others see the positive behavior being reinforced, they’ll want to stop the negative behaviors to earn the reward.
Some types of rewards include:
- Natural Incentive: something that occurs directly as a result of the behavior (I studied hard for a test and then did well, earning a good grade) .
- Token Incentive: things that are awarded for performing certain behaviors that can be exchanged for something of value (I did my homework in Chinese Class and I received a sticker. If I collect five stickers, I get a special eraser from the teacher).
- Social Incentive: someone expressing their approval (in class my teacher told me “good job” when I answered the question correctly) .
- Tangible Incentive: physical incentives (I helped the teacher take out the trash and she gave me a lollipop for helping her).
In the Grade One and Grade Two classrooms we utilize a special Positive Behavior System. It’s called “Warm and Fuzzy”. Think about how you feel when you’re happy-do you feel warm inside? Maybe a little fuzzy? This is what we are trying to capture in Grade One and Grade Two.
Each student has a “Warm and Fuzzy Jar.” These jars keep their warm and fuzzies! So what are warm and fuzzies? Well, they’re soft pompoms…they’re warm and fuzzy! I, as the teacher, have a large Jar of these warm and fuzzies (colorful pompoms of different sizes).
At the beginning of each class the students pick up their Warm and Fuzzy Jar and place is on their desk. While class is in session anytime a student makes me happy, or gives me a warm and fuzzy feeling, I fill their jar with a large or small warm and fuzzy depending on what they did to make me feel happy. Basically, I’m rewarding their positive behaviors.
So what happens to the students who aren’t behaving as positively? Well, nothing. There are no warm and fuzzies added to their Warm and Fuzzy Jar. This makes a big impression believe it or not, because if Student A sees Student B and C receiving a lot of warm and fuzzies through their positive actions like raising their hand to talk, helping a friend in need, or completing classwork on time, then eventually they are going to want to do the same. Student A’s jar is staying empty while Student B and Student C’s jar is filling up! This is also a topic of conversation when they’re not in class. Students like to look at their jars and see all the warm and fuzzies inside. So even when we aren’t in class, the students are still thinking about it and how to receive more.
When a student’s Warm and Fuzzy Jar is full they can take it to me during recess. They’ll dump their warm and fuzzies back into my large jar and pick a small prize like a small bubble wand or magic cactus that grows in water. Then, they’ll start the cycle all over again.
The warm and fuzzy jar isn’t an end all to all negative student behavior, but it can help set a positive motion for student behavior.
Written by: Teacher Jessica
文 / Jessica老师